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Beginners Guide

Amazon Sword Plant: Care, Planting, Propagation & More…

by Catherine Tran 27 May 2023 0 Comments

Amazon Sword Plant: Care, Planting, Propagation & More…

The Amazon sword is one of the most popular plants in the freshwater aquarium community. They are beautiful, easy to care for, and beneficial for the rest of your tank. This guide covers everything you need to know about how to care for them, plus you'll also learn how to grow and propagate it. Regardless of which Amazon sword you get, the care instructions are very similar.

This plant comes from the biodiverse waters of the Amazon basin. This hardy plant can adapt to many environments, making it a great choice for most freshwater tanks. With its vibrant colours and dense foliage, it also has a lot to offer tank inhabitants.

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The Amazon sword is a must-have whether you have a freshwater tank full of shrimp or fish! These plants provide a lot of nutrients to the inhabitants of the tank. They are places to explore, hide, and even breed. Many aquarists like to use them as background plants. A group of Amazon swords can create a dense forest of trees. However, single trees can also act as focal points.



Although several different types of Amazon swords exist, they all have the same basic shape. The only difference is the size and texture of the leaves. The Amazon sword is a plant with an asterisk. They have a bushy appearance with thin stems growing from a central rhizome. A healthy plant will have dark green leaves. Any brown or red patches indicate that the plant is not getting enough nutrients.

Leaves usually reach about 12 inches in length. However, they can grow to 20 inches or more in large freshwater tanks. An Amazon sword can easily overload a smaller tank if you don't cut it.

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Tank size.

Amazon swords can grow in small 10-litre-litre gallon tanks. An aquarium of that size provides enough space for the plants to spread while maintaining stable water parameters.

Larger freshwater tanks provide more vertical space for leaf growth. However, more than an aquarium of this size is needed for the plant to reach its full potential. Instead, we recommend keeping Amazon swords in a 20 to 30-gallon aquarium. Also, the plant will not overcrowd any of the tank inhabitants.

Water parameters.

The Amazon basin is warm and full of life. It is also the birthplace of many famous tropical freshwater fish! In the wild, earning Amazon comes from a fairly diverse environment.

Therefore, finding the right water parameters to suit the needs of your ants and your fish is not difficult. Earn Amazon is also quite flexible. They have no problem growing vigorously in a variety of conditions, allowing you to focus on your inhabitants without worrying about your plants.

Water temperature: 72°F to 82°F

pH: 6.5 to 7.5 (aim for neutral if possible)

Water hardness: 3 to 8 KH

Note: Although this is a hardy plant, you should still closely monitor the water parameters. Get in the habit of using a high-quality water test kit to ensure the tank is in good working order and stable.

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These plants only need a moderate amount of light to survive. Choose full-spectrum lighting that provides about two or three watts per gallon of water volume. Too much will lead to algae growth on the leaves. Mild algae growth is not a major concern, but too much algae can cause plant health problems.

On the opposite end of the spectrum, not enough light can cause discolouration. Leaves often turn brown or red due to a lack of light for photosynthesis.


These plants have strong root systems. The rootstock is large and strong. Even in young plants, the roots have no problem spreading and deepening. As a result, the Amazon sword can contain coarser base materials than most crops.

It has no problems growing in standard gravel substrates. The roots will go through the gravel. As long as the gravel is loose and relatively small, it should be able to root and grow fairly easily.

That said, you'll probably see better results with a loose planting substrate. Special plant substrates are often rich in nutrients, which can help plants establish themselves more easily.

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Growing the Amazon sword tree is a simple process.

The first thing you should do is inspect the tree and isolate it. The quarantine will ensure that Amazon Sword does not bring pests into your main tank. Remove any discoloured or dead leaves. Amazon swords don't heal on their own, so it's best to remove any leaves that have cuts or scratches.

Dig a small hole in an area with plenty of planting space. A place near the centre of the tank is best. However, you can also plant it in front of the filter and tank equipment if you have a larger aquarium. Place the rootstock firmly in the hole and expose the tops. Do not bury the rhizome. It will be visible after planting.


Thanks to the slow growth rate, pruning and pruning are not something you have to worry about with Amazon swords. You can cut off the old growth as the tree ages. Older leaves near the outside of the bush. Just pull out the entire leaf to make room for new growth.

Tank mates.

Larger cichlids like to move these plants around as they see fit. Meanwhile, goldfish will chew on leaves whenever they are hungry. Despite their otherwise gentle nature, plecos will slowly scrape off the top layer of the tree's foliage until the Amazon sword dies.

Smaller fish are usually better as they will use the plant for shelter rather than food. Small invertebrates like shrimp and snails are also good choices.

Some good Amazon tank teammates include Guppies, Angelfish, Molly Fish, Platypus, Discus, Neon Tetra, and Freshwater Aquatic Hugs, freshwater aquarium snails.


Small seedlings will grow from the trunk at different nodes. To maximize the chances of survival:

  1. Let the seedlings develop some roots. When that happens, you can remove them to replant.
  2. Cut grooves to remove seedlings.
  3. Start at the end of the run so the daughter tree can continue to grow.

After they are separated from the main plant, place them in the growing medium. You can secure them with small rocks as the roots develop. For best results, increase the CO2 level in the tank slightly to stimulate seedling growth.


Taking care of Amazon swords is an extremely simple task. As long as you follow the instructions and recommendations above, you should really have no problems at all. If there's any question you'd like to ask us about this plant that hasn't been answered in the guide, we'd be happy to help.

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